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Modeling Spousal Influence In Family-Planning Use

By: Cristina M. Bautista, PhD
In the decade prior to the passage of the Philippine reproductive-health law in 2012, the country had seen an acrimonious debate over the use of family planning. Even with the passage of the law, public discussion remains a sensitive matter.  Government data shows a strong association between family size and poverty, hence the importance of closely studying the Philippine population trends, patterns and composition. On a micro level, studying population inevitably brings up gender issues. One of the issues in this case is that Filipino men generally prefer to have more children than Filipino women.
More often than not, families—especially those belonging to the low-income groups—are not able to meet their desired family size. It has been argued by previous studies that higher fertility among the poor is often attributed to inadequate women’s education and lack of access or ineffective use of family planning among the poor.  There is less attribution for gender-based influence or “relative power” on total fertility in economic studies.
Most of these studies in intra-household reproductive decision making assume what microeconomic theory calls a unitary household framework. Such framework comes from the traditional perspective that the welfare of the household is largely determined by a household head. Associated with Nobel laureate economist Gary Becker, the unitary household framework has become the mainstream economic model for analyzing the family.
Read the full article at http://www.businessmirror.com.ph/modeling-spousal-influence-in-family-pl...